Why Europe Matters: The Case for an Arms Control Negotiation Campaign

Why Europe Matters: The Case for an Arms Control Negotiation Campaign

By Arvid Bell

The global arms control architecture is crumbling. While this trend is often framed as a U.S.-Russia (or, sometimes, a U.S.-Russia-China) problem, the demise of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) and the potential expiration of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) on February 5, 2021, also severely affect the security of European states.

The Time for Investor State Mediation has Come: A Concept Paper

The Time for Investor State Mediation has Come: A Concept Paper

Wolf Von Kumberg. Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal, Volume: 18, Issue: 3, 467-496, 2018

COVID-19 has compounded doubts about the post-war international order brought about by the 2008 financial crisis. This marks a change in how global trade investment will be governed in the future. The Singapore Convention on Mediation in 2019 recognised mediation as an official international process by which to resolve disputes, and mediation will be even more useful in an investor-state context in the political and economic aftermath of COVID-19. As states compete to distinguish themselves to attract inward investment in a post COVID-19 environment, mediation can and should play an important role.